Bastiaan Driehuys

Bastiaan Driehuys

Professor of Radiology

Our research focuses on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) research with hyperpolarized 129Xe gas. We are at at the forefront of developing this novel technology for imaging the lungs of patients with pulmonary disease. We currently have multiple, ongoing NIH and industry-sponsored studies invovling this technique. Hyperpolarization is a laser-based process that enhances the MRI signal of xenon gas by a factor of 100,000 to allow for high-resolution, non-invasive MRI of pulmonary function. In addition to our research program, this technology was recently FDA approved and efforts are underway to implement it clinically.

Current studies are applying 129Xe MRI for early diagnosis and monitoring of interstitial and pulmonary vascular diseases. Our group, which is comprised of MRI scientists and radiologists, works closely with colleagues in pulmonary medicine. Our laboratory provides research opportunities to Ph.D., Masters, and medical students as well as select undergraduate students. 

Appointments and Affiliations

  • Professor of Radiology
  • Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Contact Information

  • Office Location: 161-B Bryan Research, 311 Research Drive, Durham, NC 27710
  • Office Phone: +1 919 684 7786
  • Email Address: bastiaan.driehuys@duke.edu
  • Websites:

Education

  • Ph.D. Princeton University, 1995

Courses Taught

  • PHYSICS 495: Thesis Independent Study
  • PHYSICS 493: Research Independent Study
  • EGR 393: Research Projects in Engineering

Representative Publications

  • Kaushik, SS; Freeman, MS; Cleveland, ZI; Davies, J; Stiles, J; Virgincar, RS; Robertson, SH; He, M; Kelly, KT; Foster, WM; McAdams, HP; Driehuys, B, Probing the regional distribution of pulmonary gas exchange through single-breath gas- and dissolved-phase 129Xe MR imaging., J Appl Physiol (1985), vol 115 no. 6 (2013), pp. 850-860 [10.1152/japplphysiol.00092.2013] [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Nouls, J; Badea, A; Bucholz, E; Ghaghada, K; Petiet, A; Hedlund, LW, Small animal imaging with magnetic resonance microscopy, ILAR Journal, vol 53 no. 1 (2012), pp. 35-53 [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Martinez-Jimenez, S; Cleveland, ZI; Metz, GM; Beaver, DM; Nouls, JC; Kaushik, SS; Firszt, R; Willis, C; Kelly, KT; Wolber, J; Kraft, M; McAdams, HP, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: safety and tolerability of hyperpolarized 129Xe MR imaging in healthy volunteers and patients., Radiology, vol 262 no. 1 (2012), pp. 279-289 [10.1148/radiol.11102172] [abs].
  • Cleveland, ZI; Möller, HE; Hedlund, LW; Nouls, JC; Freeman, MS; Qi, Y; Driehuys, B, In vivo MR imaging of pulmonary perfusion and gas exchange in rats via continuous extracorporeal infusion of hyperpolarized 129Xe., PLoS One, vol 7 no. 2 (2012) [10.1371/journal.pone.0031306] [abs].
  • Thomas, AC; Nouls, JC; Driehuys, B; Voltz, JW; Fubara, B; Foley, J; Bradbury, JA; Zeldin, DC, Ventilation defects observed with hyperpolarized 3He magnetic resonance imaging in a mouse model of acute lung injury., Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, vol 44 no. 5 (2011), pp. 648-654 [10.1165/rcmb.2009-0287OC] [abs].
  • Kaushik, SS; Cleveland, ZI; Cofer, GP; Metz, G; Beaver, D; Nouls, J; Kraft, M; Auffermann, W; Wolber, J; McAdams, HP; Driehuys, B, Diffusion-weighted hyperpolarized 129Xe MRI in healthy volunteers and subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease., Magn Reson Med, vol 65 no. 4 (2011), pp. 1154-1165 [10.1002/mrm.22697] [abs].
  • Cleveland, ZI; Cofer, GP; Metz, G; Beaver, D; Nouls, J; Kaushik, SS; Kraft, M; Wolber, J; Kelly, KT; McAdams, HP; Driehuys, B, Hyperpolarized Xe MR imaging of alveolar gas uptake in humans., PLoS One, vol 5 no. 8 (2010) [10.1371/journal.pone.0012192] [abs].
  • Branca, RT; Cleveland, ZI; Fubara, B; Kumar, CSSR; Maronpot, RR; Leuschner, C; Warren, WS; Driehuys, B, Molecular MRI for sensitive and specific detection of lung metastases., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol 107 no. 8 (2010), pp. 3693-3697 [10.1073/pnas.1000386107] [abs].
  • Cleveland, ZI; Möller, HE; Hedlund, LW; Driehuys, B, Continuously infusing hyperpolarized 129Xe into flowing aqueous solutions using hydrophobic gas exchange membranes., J Phys Chem B, vol 113 no. 37 (2009), pp. 12489-12499 [10.1021/jp9049582] [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Möller, HE; Cleveland, ZI; Pollaro, J; Hedlund, LW, Pulmonary perfusion and xenon gas exchange in rats: MR imaging with intravenous injection of hyperpolarized 129Xe., Radiology, vol 252 no. 2 (2009), pp. 386-393 [10.1148/radiol.2513081550] [abs].
  • Thomas, AC; Potts, EN; Chen, BT; Slipetz, DM; Foster, WM; Driehuys, B, A robust protocol for regional evaluation of methacholine challenge in mouse models of allergic asthma using hyperpolarized 3He MRI., NMR Biomed, vol 22 no. 5 (2009), pp. 502-515 [10.1002/nbm.1362] [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Pollaro, J; Cofer, GP, In vivo MRI using real-time production of hyperpolarized 129Xe., Magn Reson Med, vol 60 no. 1 (2008), pp. 14-20 [10.1002/mrm.21651] [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Nouls, J; Badea, A; Bucholz, E; Ghaghada, K; Petiet, A; Hedlund, LW, Small animal imaging with magnetic resonance microscopy., ILAR J, vol 49 no. 1 (2008), pp. 35-53 [10.1093/ilar.49.1.35] [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Walker, J; Pollaro, J; Cofer, GP; Mistry, N; Schwartz, D; Johnson, GA, 3He MRI in mouse models of asthma., Magn Reson Med, vol 58 no. 5 (2007), pp. 893-900 [10.1002/mrm.21306] [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Cofer, GP; Pollaro, J; Mackel, JB; Hedlund, LW; Johnson, GA, Imaging alveolar-capillary gas transfer using hyperpolarized 129Xe MRI., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol 103 no. 48 (2006), pp. 18278-18283 [10.1073/pnas.0608458103] [abs].
  • Månsson, S; Wolber, J; Driehuys, B; Wollmer, P; Golman, K, Characterization of diffusing capacity and perfusion of the rat lung in a lipopolysaccaride disease model using hyperpolarized 129Xe., Magn Reson Med, vol 50 no. 6 (2003), pp. 1170-1179 [10.1002/mrm.10649] [abs].
  • Babcock, E; Nelson, I; Kadlecek, S; Driehuys, B; Anderson, LW; Hersman, FW; Walker, TG, Hybrid spin-exchange optical pumping of 3He., Phys Rev Lett, vol 91 no. 12 (2003) [10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.123003] [abs].
  • Ruppert, K; Brookeman, JR; Hagspiel, KD; Driehuys, B; Mugler, JP, NMR of hyperpolarized (129)Xe in the canine chest: spectral dynamics during a breath-hold., NMR Biomed, vol 13 no. 4 (2000), pp. 220-228 [10.1002/1099-1492(200006)13:4<220::aid-nbm638>3.0.co;2-f] [abs].
  • Chen, XJ; Möller, HE; Chawla, MS; Cofer, GP; Driehuys, B; Hedlund, LW; Johnson, GA, Spatially resolved measurements of hyperpolarized gas properties in the lung in vivo. Part I: diffusion coefficient., Magn Reson Med, vol 42 no. 4 (1999), pp. 721-728 [10.1002/(sici)1522-2594(199910)42:4<721::aid-mrm14>3.0.co;2-d] [abs].
  • Chen, XJ; Möller, HE; Chawla, MS; Cofer, GP; Driehuys, B; Hedlund, LW; MacFall, JR; Johnson, GA, Spatially resolved measurements of hyperpolarized gas properties in the lung in vivo. Part II: T *(2)., Magn Reson Med, vol 42 no. 4 (1999), pp. 729-737 [10.1002/(sici)1522-2594(199910)42:4<729::aid-mrm15>3.0.co;2-2] [abs].
  • Möller, HE; Chen, XJ; Chawla, MS; Cofer, GP; Driehuys, B; Hedlund, LW; Suddarth, SA; Johnson, GA, Sensitivity and resolution in 3D NMR microscopy of the lung with hyperpolarized noble gases., Magn Reson Med, vol 41 no. 4 (1999), pp. 800-808 [10.1002/(sici)1522-2594(199904)41:4<800::aid-mrm20>3.0.co;2-k] [abs].
  • Möller, HE; Chen, XJ; Chawla, MS; Driehuys, B; Hedlund, LW; Johnson, GA, Signal dynamics in magnetic resonance imaging of the lung with hyperpolarized noble gases., J Magn Reson, vol 135 no. 1 (1998), pp. 133-143 [10.1006/jmre.1998.1563] [abs].
  • Johnson, GA; Cates, G; Chen, XJ; Cofer, GP; Driehuys, B; Happer, W; Hedlund, LW; Saam, B; Shattuck, MD; Swartz, J, Dynamics of magnetization in hyperpolarized gas MRI of the lung., Magn Reson Med, vol 38 no. 1 (1997), pp. 66-71 [10.1002/mrm.1910380111] [abs].
  • Mugler, JP; Driehuys, B; Brookeman, JR; Cates, GD; Berr, SS; Bryant, RG; Daniel, TM; de Lange, EE; Downs, JH; Erickson, CJ; Happer, W; Hinton, DP; Kassel, NF; Maier, T; Phillips, CD; Saam, BT; Sauer, KL; Wagshul, ME, MR imaging and spectroscopy using hyperpolarized 129Xe gas: preliminary human results., Magn Reson Med, vol 37 no. 6 (1997), pp. 809-815 [10.1002/mrm.1910370602] [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Cates, GD; Miron, E; Sauer, K; Walter, DK; Happer, W, High-volume production of laser-polarized 129Xe, Applied Physics Letters, vol 69 no. 12 (1996), pp. 1668-1670 [10.1063/1.117022] [abs].
  • MacFall, JR; Charles, HC; Black, RD; Middleton, H; Swartz, JC; Saam, B; Driehuys, B; Erickson, C; Happer, W; Cates, GD; Johnson, GA; Ravin, CE, Human lung air spaces: potential for MR imaging with hyperpolarized He-3., Radiology, vol 200 no. 2 (1996), pp. 553-558 [10.1148/radiology.200.2.8685356] [abs].
  • Black, RD; Middleton, HL; Cates, GD; Cofer, GP; Driehuys, B; Happer, W; Hedlund, LW; Johnson, GA; Shattuck, MD; Swartz, JC, In vivo He-3 MR images of guinea pig lungs., Radiology, vol 199 no. 3 (1996), pp. 867-870 [10.1148/radiology.199.3.8638019] [abs].
  • Driehuys, B; Cates, GD; Happer, W, Surface relaxation mechanisms of laser-polarized 129Xe., Phys Rev Lett, vol 74 no. 24 (1995), pp. 4943-4946 [10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.4943] [abs].
  • Albert, MS; Cates, GD; Driehuys, B; Happer, W; Saam, B; Springer, CS; Wishnia, A, Biological magnetic resonance imaging using laser-polarized 129Xe., Nature, vol 370 no. 6486 (1994), pp. 199-201 [10.1038/370199a0] [abs].
  • Gatzke, M; Cates, GD; Driehuys, B; Fox, D; Happer, W; Saam, B, Extraordinarily slow nuclear spin relaxation in frozen laser-polarized 129Xe., Phys Rev Lett, vol 70 no. 5 (1993), pp. 690-693 [10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.690] [abs].