Adam P. Wax
Professor of Biomedical Engineering
Dr. Wax's research interests include optical spectroscopy for early cancer detection, novel microscopy and interferometry techniques.
The study of intact, living cells with optical spectroscopy offers the opportunity to observe cellular structure, organization and dynamics in a way that is not possible with traditional methods. We have developed a set of novel spectroscopic techniques for measuring spatial, temporal and refractive structure on sub-hertz and sub-wavelength scales based on using low-coherence interferometry (LCI) to detect scattered light. We have applied these techniques in different types of cell biology experiments. In one experiment, LCI measurements of the angular pattern of backscattered light are used to determine non-invasively the structure of sub-cellular organelles in cell monolayers, and the components of epithelial tissue from freshly excised rat esophagus. This work has potential as a diagnostic method for early cancer detection. In another experiment, LCI phase measurements are used to examine volume changes of epithelial cells in a monolayer in response to environmental osmolarity changes. Although cell volume changes have been measured previously, this work demonstrates for the first time the volume of just a few cells (2 or 3) tracked continuously and in situ.
Appointments and Affiliations
- Professor of Biomedical Engineering
- Faculty Network Member of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences
- Member of the Duke Cancer Institute
- Bass Fellow
- Office Location: 2571 CIEMAS, Durham, NC 27708
- Office Phone: (919) 660-5143
- Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Ph.D. Duke University, 1999
- M.A. Duke University, 1996
- B.S. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1993
Research InterestsOptical spectroscopy for early cancer detection, novel microscopy and interferometry techniques.
Awards, Honors, and Distinctions
- Fellow. American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. 2014
- Fellow. International Society for Optics and Photonics. 2010
- Fellow. Optical Society of America. 2010
- Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program. National Science Foundation. 2004
- BME 547: Medical Software Design
- BME 550: Modern Microscopy (GE, IM)
- BME 551L: Biomedical Optical Spectroscopy and Tissue Optics (GE, IM)
- BME 552: Advanced Optics
- BME 590: Special Topics in Biomedical Engineering
- BME 791: Graduate Independent Study
- ECE 541: Advanced Optics
- MENG 550: Master of Engineering Internship/Project
- MENG 551: Master of Engineering Internship/Project Assessment
- MOLCAN 551L: Biomedical Optical Spectroscopy and Tissue Optics (GE, IM)
- PHYSICS 621: Advanced Optics
- PHYSICS 791: SPECIAL READINGS
In the News
- Retinal Texture Could Provide Early Biomarker Of Alzheimer’s Disease (May 22, 2020 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Observing the Joint: Duke Engineers Adapt Imaging System to Make It Useful for Minimally Invasive Surgery (Nov 15, 2019 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Low Cost & Clinically Accurate: New Retinal Scanner Could Prevent Blindness Worldwide (Jul 1, 2019 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- A Better Way to Measure the Stiffness of Cancer Cells (Mar 2, 2017 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Holographic Imaging and Deep Learning Diagnose Malaria (Sep 16, 2016)
- Kendall, WY; Ho, D; Chu, K; Zinaman, M; Wieland, D; Moragne, K; Wax, A, Prospective detection of cervical dysplasia with scanning angle-resolved low coherence interferometry., Biomedical Optics Express, vol 11 no. 9 (2020), pp. 5197-5211 [10.1364/boe.401000] [abs].
- Song, G; Steelman, ZA; Kendall, W; Park, HS; Wax, A, Spatial scanning of a sample with two-dimensional angle-resolved low-coherence interferometry for analysis of anisotropic scatterers., Biomedical Optics Express, vol 11 no. 8 (2020), pp. 4419-4430 [10.1364/boe.398052] [abs].
- Zhang, H; Steelman, ZA; Ceballos, S; Chu, KK; Wax, A, Reconstruction of angle-resolved backscattering through a multimode fiber for cell nuclei and particle size determination, Apl Photonics, vol 5 no. 7 (2020) [10.1063/5.0011500] [abs].
- Song, G; Steelman, ZA; Finkelstein, S; Yang, Z; Martin, L; Chu, KK; Farsiu, S; Arshavsky, VY; Wax, A, Multimodal Coherent Imaging of Retinal Biomarkers of Alzheimer's Disease in a Mouse Model., Scientific Reports, vol 10 no. 1 (2020) [10.1038/s41598-020-64827-2] [abs].
- Jelly, ET; Kendall, W; Schmitz, R; Knechtle, SJ; Sudan, DL; Joseph, A; Roper, J; Kwun, J; Wax, A, Novel implementations of optical coherence tomography for clinical applications in the lower gastrointestinal tract, Optics Infobase Conference Papers, vol Part F180-OCT-2020 (2020) [abs].