Michael Martin Haglund

Michael Martin Haglund

Duke Surgery Professor of Neurosurgery in the School of Medicine

My clinical areas of expertise include spinal surgery, especially cervical spine surgery where I have performed over 5,400 cervical spine procedures and recently was ranked the top cervical spine surgeon in the country by MPIRICA (an analytical company that reviews surgical outcomes).  I believe the whole patient is important and we emphasize time with the patient and careful discussions regarding possible surgery. Our excellent results are due to a great team of physicians, nurses, CRNAs, and anesthesiologists.  I also believe in the spiritual side in taking care of my patients.  My other clinical area of expertise includes the surgical treatment of epilepsy with bringing the latest technologies including outpatient brain surgery using laser treatment, complicated high level mapping of the brain in areas that are near epileptic regions, and using the latest robotic techniques to place electrodes in order to localize the site of the epileptic focus. 

Over the last decade we have developed the first ever Division of Global Neurosurgery and Neurology, where I serve as the Division Chief and the Division boasts 71 members including faculty, graduate and medical students, undergraduate students and an outstanding staff of researchers, most located in the Duke Global Health Institute.  The Division has published over 50 manuscripts between 2016 and 2017.  We have primarily worked in building capacity, teaching, and collaborative research projects in Uganda and Tanzania. 

Appointments and Affiliations

  • Duke Surgery Professor of Neurosurgery in the School of Medicine
  • Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Research Professor of Global Health
  • Professor of Neurobiology
  • Professor in Orthopaedic Surgery

Contact Information


  • M.Med.Sc. University of Southern California, 2016
  • Ph.D. University of Washington, 1988
  • M.D. University of Washington, 1987

Awards, Honors, and Distinctions

  • Duke University Alunmi Humanitarian of Year Award . Duke University Alumni Association. 2018
  • University of Washington Alumni Humanitarian of Year. University of Washington Alumni Association. 2018
  • Resident Advocate of the Year. Residents in Department of Neurosurgery. 2017
  • Humanitarian of the Year. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. 2015
  • Velji Global Health Education Faculty Award. Consortium of Universities for Global Health. 2015
  • Triangle Business Journal Health Care Hero Award. Triangle Business Journal. 2014
  • Distinguished Alumnus of the Year. Pacific Lutheran University. 2013
  • Palumbo Duke University Teaching and Mentoring Award. Duke University. 2013
  • Endowed Chair, Distinguished Professor of Neurosurgery. Duke Department of Surgery, Duke University. 2012
  • Sloan Research Fellowship-Neuroscience. Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. 1996

Courses Taught

  • BRAINSOC 395-1: Bass Connections in Brain and Society: Interdisciplinary Team Projects
  • BRAINSOC 395: Bass Connections in Brain and Society: Interdisciplinary Team Projects
  • BRAINSOC 396: Bass Connections in Brain and Society 2: Interdisciplinary Team Projects
  • GLHLTH 393: Research Independent Study in Global Health
  • GLHLTH 395: Connections in Global Health: Interdisciplinary Team Projects
  • NEUROSCI 493: Research Independent Study 1
  • NEUROSCI 494: Research Independent Study 2

In the News

Representative Publications

  • Babu, R; Thomas, S; Hazzard, MA; Lokhnygina, YV; Friedman, AH; Gottfried, ON; Isaacs, RE; Boakye, M; Patil, CG; Bagley, CA; Haglund, MM; Lad, SP, Morbidity, mortality, and health care costs for patients undergoing spine surgery following the ACGME resident duty-hour reform: Clinical article., Journal of neurosurgery. Spine, vol 21 no. 4 (2014), pp. 502-515 [10.3171/2014.5.spine13283] [abs].
  • Haglund, MM; Meno, JR; Hochman, DW; Ngai, AC; Winn, HR, Correlation of intrinsic optical signal, cerebral blood flow, and evoked potentials during activation of rat somatosensory cortex., Journal of neurosurgery, vol 109 no. 4 (2008), pp. 654-663 [10.3171/JNS/2008/109/10/0654] [abs].
  • Haglund, MM; Hochman, DW, Imaging of intrinsic optical signals in primate cortex during epileptiform activity., Epilepsia, vol 48 Suppl 4 (2007), pp. 65-74 [10.1111/j.1528-1167.2007.01243.x] [abs].
  • Haglund, MM; Hochman, DW, Furosemide and mannitol suppression of epileptic activity in the human brain., Journal of neurophysiology, vol 94 no. 2 (2005), pp. 907-918 [10.1152/jn.00944.2004] [abs].
  • Haglund, MM; Hochman, DW, Optical imaging of epileptiform activity in human neocortex., Epilepsia, vol 45 Suppl 4 (2004), pp. 43-47 [10.1111/j.0013-9580.2004.04010.x] [abs].
  • Borel, CO; McKee, A; Parra, A; Haglund, MM; Solan, A; Prabhakar, V; Sheng, H; Warner, DS; Niklason, L, Possible role for vascular cell proliferation in cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage., Stroke, vol 34 no. 2 (2003), pp. 427-433 [abs].
  • Muñana, KR; Vitek, SM; Tarver, WB; Saito, M; Skeen, TM; Sharp, NJH; Olby, NJ; Haglund, MM, Use of vagal nerve stimulation as a treatment for refractory epilepsy in dogs., Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol 221 no. 7 (2002), pp. 977-983 [abs].
  • Quinn, JA; Pluda, J; Dolan, ME; Delaney, S; Kaplan, R; Rich, JN; Friedman, AH; Reardon, DA; Sampson, JH; Colvin, OM; Haglund, MM; Pegg, AE; Moschel, RC; McLendon, RE; Provenzale, JM; Gururangan, S; Tourt-Uhlig, S; Herndon, JE; Bigner, DD; Friedman, HS, Phase II trial of carmustine plus O(6)-benzylguanine for patients with nitrosourea-resistant recurrent or progressive malignant glioma., Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol 20 no. 9 (2002), pp. 2277-2283 [10.1200/JCO.2002.09.084] [abs].
  • Cerne, R; Haglund, MM, Electrophysiological correlates to the intrinsic optical signal in the rat neocortical slice., Neuroscience Letters, vol 317 no. 3 (2002), pp. 147-150 [abs].
  • Friedman, HS; Pluda, J; Quinn, JA; Ewesuedo, RB; Long, L; Friedman, AH; Cokgor, I; Colvin, OM; Haglund, MM; Ashley, DM; Rich, JN; Sampson, J; Pegg, AE; Moschel, RC; McLendon, RE; Provenzale, JM; Stewart, ES; Tourt-Uhlig, S; Garcia-Turner, AM; Herndon, JE; Bigner, DD; Dolan, ME, Phase I trial of carmustine plus O6-benzylguanine for patients with recurrent or progressive malignant glioma., Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol 18 no. 20 (2000), pp. 3522-3528 [10.1200/JCO.2000.18.20.3522] [abs].
  • Schwartz, TH; Haglund, MM; Lettich, E; Ojemann, GA, Asymmetry of neuronal activity during extracellular microelectrode recording from left and right human temporal lobe neocortex during rhyming and line-matching., Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol 12 no. 5 (2000), pp. 803-812 [abs].
  • McKhann, GM; Schoenfeld-McNeill, J; Born, DE; Haglund, MM; Ojemann, GA, Intraoperative hippocampal electrocorticography to predict the extent of hippocampal resection in temporal lobe epilepsy surgery., Journal of neurosurgery, vol 93 no. 1 (2000), pp. 44-52 [10.3171/jns.2000.93.1.0044] [abs].
  • Macknik, SL; Martinez-Conde, S; Haglund, MM, The role of spatiotemporal edges in visibility and visual masking., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, vol 97 no. 13 (2000), pp. 7556-7560 [10.1073/pnas.110142097] [abs].
  • Macknik, SL; Haglund, MM, Optical images of visible and invisible percepts in the primary visual cortex of primates., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, vol 96 no. 26 (1999), pp. 15208-15210 [abs].